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Nasal turbinates

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The nasal mussels, also called conchae nasales, are bony structures in the nasal cavity that are lined with mucous membrane. They play an important role in the preparation of the inhaled air and thus contribute to the function of the upper airways.

Anatomy and function:

There are three pairs of nasal mussels – the lower, the middle and the upper nasal mussel. These winding structures enlarge the surface of the nasal cavity and moisten, heat and filter the flowing air. The nasal mussels also help to intercept foreign particles and allergens before they get deeper into the airways.

Importance for breathing:

The nasal mussels play a central role in nasal breathing. Your mucous membrane can swell or swell to regulate the air flow and to react to environmental conditions such as cold or allergens.


Enlarged nasal mussels can hinder nasal breathing and lead to symptoms such as stuffy nose, snoring and nightly shortness of breath. An enlargement of the nasal mussels can be caused by chronic inflammation, allergies or anatomical anomalies.

Diagnosis and treatment:

The diagnosis of nose mussel problems is carried out by a clinical examination and can be supplemented by imaging methods. Treatment can range from conservative measures such as corresponding nasal sprays and ointments, antihistamines or cortisone preparations to surgical interventions. In surgical treatment, gentle techniques such as the nasal mussel reduction are used to reduce the nasal mussels and thus improve nasal breathing.

The nasal mussels are of crucial importance for the efficient function of nasal breathing and the preparation of breathing air. Your health and functionality are of crucial importance for avoiding breathing difficulties and maintaining the general quality of life.

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