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Ptosis is the drooping of one or both eyelids, wholly or partially obscuring the pupil. This disease not only affects vision but can also have aesthetic and psychological effects.


Ptosis can be congenital or develop throughout life (acquired ptosis). The most common causes of acquired ptosis are age-related changes, paralysis or weakening of the levator palpebra muscle, neurological disorders or trauma. Certain diseases such as tumours, diabetes or a stroke can also cause ptosis.


The main feature of ptosis is a visibly drooping eyelid, which, in severe cases, can partially or entirely obscure the pupil. This can lead to restricting the field of vision and double vision. Those affected can also try to compensate for the drooping eyelids by raising their eyebrows, frowning, or tilting their head.


Diagnosis of ptosis involves thoroughly examining the eyes and lids, supplemented by tests to determine the strength of the eyelid muscles and the underlying causes. In some cases, imaging or neurological tests may be necessary.


Treatment for ptosis depends on the cause and severity of the condition. In mild cases, no treatment is required. Surgical correction may be recommended for more severe ptosis or if vision is impaired. This involves tightening or reconstructing the eyelid elevator muscle to raise the eyelid.

Ptosis can affect not only vision but also the self-esteem and quality of life of those involved. Early diagnosis and treatment are therefore essential to achieve the best possible results and minimize the impact on daily life.

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