Botulinum toxin, commonly known by the trade name Botox, is a neurotoxic protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. In medicine and cosmetics, it is highly diluted to reduce or paralyze certain muscle activities specifically.
Application in medicine:
In medicine, botulinum toxin is used to treat various neurological diseases associated with muscle spasms or spasms, such as in the treatment of blepharospasm (involuntary eyelid twitching), cervical dystonia (abnormal head and neck positions), and post-stroke spasticity. It is also used to treat chronic migraines, tension headaches, and excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis).
In aesthetic medicine, botulinum toxin is mainly used to smooth facial wrinkles. It relaxes the facial muscles responsible for forming expression lines such as crow’s feet, forehead wrinkles and frown lines.
How it works:
Botulinum toxin works by blocking the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine at nerve endings. This causes temporary paralysis of the affected muscles, reducing muscle activity and smoothing the skin.
Risks and side effects:
Although botulinum toxin is safe when used properly, side effects can occur. These include pain at the injection site, swelling, bruising, headache and, in rare cases, weakening of the surrounding muscles, which may cause temporary facial asymmetry.
The effects of botulinum toxin are temporary and usually last three to six months. Regular follow-up treatments are required for a lasting impact.
Qualified healthcare professionals should always use botulinum toxin to achieve optimal results and minimize the risk of complications.